Citizenship and human rights

Types of human rights

The concept of human rights

Human rights are rights inherent in all human beings, even if their sex, color, language, religion, place of residence, ethnic or national origin, or anything else is different. It is the right of everyone to obtain his human rights as a human being at an equal distance from everyone without discrimination, and all these rights are considered a single, interdependent and integral unit that is indivisible.

International human rights are guaranteed and expressed through the law and in the form of treaties, general principles, and the remaining sources of international law. And the basic freedoms that relate to individuals and groups.

Types of human rights

Human rights are characterized by being developed and in a state of movement, not static, in addition to being diverse, which constitutes a source of richness for these rights, and they have been classified within several criteria due to their large number, and these criteria include:

Types of human rights in terms of importance

  1. Fundamental rights: they are the rights necessary for the continuation of human life and which he obtains as a human being, and is distinguished by being one of the pillars that cannot be touched, bypassed or violated, and securing them constitutes a prerequisite and essential for the realization and enjoyment of the rest of other human rights, and examples of basic rights: the right to freedom and life.
  • Non-essential rights: These are the remaining rights associated with the well-being and happiness of the human being, i.e. the luxuries, that ensure a better life for the human being with sufficient dignity, examples of which are: freedom of expression and opinion, freedom of ownership, and freedom of association.

Types of human rights in terms of the beneficiaries

  • Individual rights: They are rights that the individual enjoys against unlawful and arbitrary interference by the state, and they are rights that are entitled to the individual himself, and examples of these rights are: the right to life and not be subjected to torture, the right to thought, the right to education, the right to work, and the right to belong.
  • Group rights: are the rights that a group of individuals can have the right to act and act upon, that is, they do not pertain to an individual in himself.

Types of human rights in terms of their subject matter

  • Civil and political rights: Examples of civil rights include the right to safety and security, the right to go and return, and the right to respect human beings. These are called the rights of the first generation, and they are related to human freedoms. As for political rights, examples are the right to freedom from slavery, the right to political participation, thinking, and religion And the right not to be tortured.
  • Economic and social rights: Examples of these rights are the right to food and drink, the right to health care, the right to work and education, and the right to a decent standard of living. They are called the second generation of rights, and they are related to security.
  • Environmental, cultural and developmental rights: Examples of these rights are the right to think, the right to political, cultural and economic development, and the right to live in a clean environment free from destruction, called the third generation of rights.

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